In 2002 Arrow Canyon was designated a wilderness area, encompasses approximately 27,000 acres, and is managed by the Bureau of Land Management.
Contained within the wilderness area are many archaeological sites, and many of the sites that we visited are located along or near the Pahranagat Wash, which runs through Arrow Canyon.
Arrow canyon is known for its “shields”, but it also has a large number of cupules. Many of the sites we visited had from 1 to 30 or more cupules. The cupules may have been used for pigment or possibly ceremonial use.