Cottonwood Valley Wash 14

cottonwoodvalleywash14-002  Cottonwood Valley 14 is made up of several smaller rock ring sites, plus one site that appears to be the remnants of a small village or a cluster of rock rings that at one time was part of a much larger site.  This ring is a little different. It looks like a ring within a ring (see next photo). cottonwoodvalleywash14-002b cottonwoodvalleywash14-003 cottonwoodvalleywash14-004
cottonwoodvalleywash14-005 cottonwoodvalleywash14-007  This is very cool and probably very old. The ringed pattern is very obvious and is about 36” across with an area in the foreground, which may have been a storage area, or just rocks that are associated with the main ring. cottonwoodvalleywash14-008 cottonwoodvalleywash14-009
cottonwoodvalleywash14-010 cottonwoodvalleywash14-012  Most of the rings we found were along edges of the dry wash and were probably seasonal habitat sites. The ones that have an opening are usually facing an easterly direction. cottonwoodvalleywash14-013 cottonwoodvalleywash14-014
cottonwoodvalleywash14-015 cottonwoodvalleywash14-016 cottonwoodvalleywash14-017 cottonwoodvalleywash14-018  This rock ring along with the adjacent possible storage area is almost covered by sediment. Give it a few more years and it will gone forever.
cottonwoodvalleywash14-019 cottonwoodvalleywash14-020 cottonwoodvalleywash14-021 cottonwoodvalleywash14-022  Adjacent storage area for main ring or habitat area.
cottonwoodvalleywash14-023 cottonwoodvalleywash14-024 cottonwoodvalleywash14-025  The next ring is just up the slope from here. cottonwoodvalleywash14-034  The arrow points to the next rock ring.
cottonwoodvalleywash14-030  The opening on this ring also point in an easterly direction. cottonwoodvalleywash14-031 cottonwoodvalleywash14-032 cottonwoodvalleywash14-033
cottonwoodvalleywash14-035  The white line is the rough outline of the ring. cottonwoodvalleywash14-036 cottonwoodvalleywash14-037  This part of the river directly below the last rock ring, has a natural rock basin which could hold water long after the river / wash had gone dry. cottonwoodvalleywash14-038
cottonwoodvalleywash14-040  A sleeping depression with what looks like might be the remains of a rock ring. cottonwoodvalleywash14-041 cottonwoodvalleywash14-042  It is not uncommon to find a bush growing in the center of a roasting pit, or in this case, in the center of a rock ring. cottonwoodvalleywash14-045  A small rock ring, possibly used for ceremonial reasons. The opening faces almost directly east.
cottonwoodvalleywash14-046 cottonwoodvalleywash14-047 cottonwoodvalleywash14-050  This ring-like rock grouping is about 5’ wide by 9’ long. It has an additional stone (left side even with the walking stick) outside of the rock grouping. I have seen this configuration at several other sites in southern Nevada. cottonwoodvalleywash14-049
cottonwoodvalleywash14-056  Another rock ring with the opening facing east. cottonwoodvalleywash14-052 cottonwoodvalleywash14-054 cottonwoodvalleywash14-055
cottonwoodvalleywash14-058  This was a habitat site with multiple rock rings. The rings average in size from 4’ in diameter to 6’ in diameter and are located on a small rise above the wash. We located nine that were recognizable as rock rings, with several more that were “maybes”. The wash has substantially widened over the years at this site, so I am guessing that some of the sites were lost to erosion.  There are 4 rock rings in this photo. The main ring (ring 1) with the walking stick, ring 2 in the upper right corner, and ring 3 in the upper left corner. cottonwoodvalleywash14-058b cottonwoodvalleywash14-059 cottonwoodvalleywash14-060  Rock ring 2 and what was probably a storage area attached to the lower right edge of the ring.
cottonwoodvalleywash14-061 cottonwoodvalleywash14-062  Rock ring 3. cottonwoodvalleywash14-063 cottonwoodvalleywash14-064  Rock ring 4.
cottonwoodvalleywash14-065  Rock ring / depression 5. cottonwoodvalleywash14-066  You can see the cleared area around the center grouping of small rocks. It is difficult to tell what the original use for this area was, but it may have been built up, or possibly the covering for a fire pit. It measures about 4’ in diameter and it’s one of those places that I talk about where “a pile of rocks is not always a just pile of rocks”. cottonwoodvalleywash14-067 cottonwoodvalleywash14-068  This rock ring 6 is not circular like the rest, but more of a square or rectangle.
cottonwoodvalleywash14-069 cottonwoodvalleywash14-070 cottonwoodvalleywash14-072  Rock ring 7 What is left of this ring sits on the edge of the wash. Part of this ring, as well some of the others, became a casualty of erosion. cottonwoodvalleywash14-073
cottonwoodvalleywash14-074  There is also a small ring (in the foreground) adjacent to the larger one. cottonwoodvalleywash14-075 cottonwoodvalleywash14-076 cottonwoodvalleywash14-077
cottonwoodvalleywash14-079 cottonwoodvalleywash14-079b  Rock ring 8 This ring is also a little different from the rest. It has the typical cleared area in the center, with stones around the edges. It also has stones at the outer edge (see arrows) that are very close to the cardinal points on a compass. Now how cool is that… cottonwoodvalleywash14-078  Rock ring 9. cottonwoodvalleywash14-071
cottonwoodvalleywash14-026  …and some fossils. cottonwoodvalleywash14-027 cottonwoodvalleywash14-028