Rock Spring aka Camp Rock

rockspring1-004  Rock Spring aka Camp Rock was home to both the Mojave and Chemehuevi and much later the US military.  The military was there from 1866 to 1868, and was called Camp Rock Spring.  The National Park Service maintains the area along with the “Rock House” built by Burt Smith in 1929. rockspring1-031 rockspring1-008  The following description taken from the National Park Service website:  The Rock House was constructed by Bert Smith in 1929. He came to this area to recover from poison gas exposure suffered during World War I. Doctors told him he didn't have long to live, but the dry desert air proved so beneficial to Smith's health that he lived here for 25 more years! The second long-term resident was artist Carl Faber, who lived and worked at the rock house in the 1980s, selling his artwork to passing travelers.  A few minutes into the hike, the remains of a milling operation from the 1930s are visible near the trail. Rich mineral deposits of gold, silver, copper, and other precious metals have been found across this region. Rock from nearby Watson Wash was hauled here and crushed to release the copper. The project met with little success and didn't last long.   Prospectors often just walked away from such sites, leaving everything behind.  The trail continues to Rock Spring, one in a series of springs that dot the Mojave Desert every 20 to 30 miles, forming a natural travel corridor. This route eventually became known as the Mojave Road. Water means life in the desert, so humans and wildlife depended on this spring, as did the livestock later introduced by miners and ranchers. Exhibits near the spring describe the Mojave and Chemehuevi Indians who formerly lived in the area, and Camp Rock Spring, an army outpost active briefly in the 1860s to protect mail and early travelers that passed along the route. Water is almost always present here, but rainfall determines if it's a slow trickle or several deep pools. rockspring1-006
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rockspring1-060 rockspring1-065 rockspring1-063  A lot of the rock art is difficult to see due to the nature of the rocks. rockspring1-067
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rockspring1-135  Bedrock metates. rockspring1-138 rockspring1-139 rockspring1-143
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rockspring1-162 rockspring1-163 rockspring1-165  A water catch basin. rockspring1-167
rockspring1-170 rockspring1-172 rockspring1-176  Looking back towards the road. rockspring1-181  This inscription was most likely written in 1863 or 1864 by Charles Stuart, a musician in Company B 4th Infantry, California Volunteers.
rockspring1-181d rockspring1-182  Other names from the era. rockspring1-182d rockspring1-187
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